Information For Authors

Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Dergisi – Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing is an open acess, peer-reviewed, scholarly journal published three times a year in February, June and October. It is a publication of Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing. The manuscripts submitted for publication in the journal must be scientific and original work in Turkish or English.

Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Dergisi – Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing welcomes articles focusing on nursing research, practice, education and management issues. It publishes original scholarly papers that contribute to the development of nursing in all aspects, and broaden understanding and perspective regarding the field at both national and international level. It aims to provide an international platform for exchange of knowledge, research findings, practice and experience. The target group of the journal consists of nurses, academicians, clinical researchers, medical/health professionals, students, nursing professionals and related professional and academic bodies and institutions.

Publication Policy

The subjects covered in the manuscripts submitted to Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Dergisi –Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing for publication must be in accordance with the aim and scope of the journal. The Journal,considers manuscripts for publication in the following categories:

- Research,

- Meta Analysis, - Case Report, - Review,

- Letter to the editor

Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Dergisi – Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing takes it a mission to announce the researches related to nursing science done in Turkey to national and international science communities; to provide a worldwide forum for sharing knowledge; and within this context to contribute to the development of theoretical and practical knowledge base of nursing science and promotion of Turkey. Concordantly, the journal gives priority to original research papers submitted for publication.

General Principles

Only those manuscripts approved by its every individual author and that were not published before in or sent to another journal, are accepted for evaluation.

Submitted manuscripts that pass preliminary control are scanned for plagiarism using iThenticate software. After plagiarism check, the eligible ones are evaluated by editor-in-chief for their originality, methodology, the importance of the subject covered and compliance with the journal scope.

Short presentations that took place in scientific meetings can be referred if indicated in the article. The editor hands over the papers matching the formal rules to at least two national/international referees for evaluation and gives green light for publication upon modification by the authors in accordance with the referees’ claims. Changing the name of an author (omission, addition or order) in papers submitted to Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Dergisi – Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing requires written permission of all declared authors. Refused manuscripts and graphics are not returned to the author. The copyright of the published articles and pictures belong to the journal.

Author Responsibilities

It is authors’ responsibility to ensure that the article is in accordance with scientific and ethical standards and rules. And authors must ensure that submitted work is original. They must certify that the manuscript has not previously been published elsewhere or is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere, in any language. Applicable copyright laws and conventions must be followed. Copyright material (e.g. tables, figures or extensive quotations) must be reproduced only with appropriate permission and acknowledgement. Author(s) is responsible to obtain any work or words of other authors, contributors, or sources must be appropriately credited and referenced. All the authors of a submitted manuscript must have direct scientific and academic contribution to the manuscript. The author(s) of the original research articles is defined as a person who is significantly involved in “conceptualization and design of the study”, “collecting the data”, “analyzing the data”, “writing the manuscript”, “reviewing the manuscript with a critical perspective” and “planning/conducting the study of the manuscript and/or revising it”. Fund raising, data collection or supervision of the research group are not sufficient roles to be accepted as an author. The author(s) must meet all these criteria described above. The order of names in the author list of an article must be a co-decision and it must be indicated in the Copyright Agreement Form. The individuals who do not meet the authorship criteria but contributed to the study must take place in the acknowledgement section. Individuals providing technical support, assisting writing, providing a general support, providing material or financial support are examples to be indicated in acknowledgement section.

All authors must disclose all issues concerning financial relationship, conflict of interest, and competing interest that may potentially influence the results of the research or scientific judgment. 

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published paper, it is the author’s obligation to promptly cooperate with the Editor- in-Chief to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes.

Please browse ICMJE recommendations on roles and responsibilities of authors on

Responsibility for the Editors, Reviewers and Review Process

Editors evaluate manuscripts for their scientific content without regard to ethnic origin, gender, sexual orientation, citizenship, religious belief or political philosophy of the authors. They provide a fair double-blind peer review of the submitted articles for publication. They ensure that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential before publishing.

Editors are responsible for the contents and overall quality of the publication. They must publish errata pages or make corrections when needed.

Editor does not allow any conflicts of interest between the authors, editors and reviewers. Only he has the full authority to assign a reviewer and is responsible for final decision for publication of the manuscripts in Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Dergisi – Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing.

Reviewers must have no conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors and/or the research funders. Their judgments must be objective. They must ensure that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential and must report to the Editor if they are aware of copyright infringement and plagiarism on the author’s side.

A reviewer who feels unqualified to review the topic of a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the Editor and excuse himself from the review process.

The editor informs the reviewers that the manuscripts are confidential information and that this is a privileged interaction. The reviewers and editorial board cannot discuss the manuscripts with other persons. Unless the authors and editor permit, the reviews of referees cannot be published or disclosed. The anonymity of the referees is important. In particular situations, the editor may share the review of one reviewer with other reviewers to clarify a particular point.


Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing is an open access publication and the journal’s publication model is based on Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) declaration. Journal’s archive is available online, free of charge at Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing 's content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Standards and Principles

Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Dergisi – Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing is committed to upholding the highest standards of publication ethics and pays regard to Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA), and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) on

All submissions must be original, unpublished (including as full text in conference proceedings), and not under the review of any other publication synchronously. Each manuscript is reviewed by one of the editors and at least two referees under double-blind peerreview process. The right to use plagiarism detecting software to screen submitted papers is reserved at all times. Manuscripts are checked for plagiary and fraudulent data; falsification (fabrication or manipulation of research data, tables, or images) and improper use of humans or animals in research. All manuscripts not in accordance with these standards will be removed from the publication. This also contains any possible malpractice discovered after the publication. In accordance with the code of conduct we will report any cases of suspected plagiarism or duplicate publishing.

Human and Animal Rights, Informed Consent, Conflict of Interest

Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Dergisi – Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing adopts highest ethical and scientific standards and ensures that it is free of influences regarding commercial interests. It is authors’ responsibility that the articles are in accordance with ethical codes of conduct.

Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Dergisi – Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing takes as principle to comply with the ethical standards of 1975 Helsinki Declaration – Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects- revised in 2004- and WMA Statement on Animal Use in Biomedical Research-revised in 2006

For this reason, regarding the subjects of clinical experiments, it must be indicated in the submitted manuscripts definitely that the above mentioned codes of conduct were applied. Besides approvals, from national or local ethical committees must be sent together with the papers as well. Manuscripts that report the results of experimental investigation with human subjects must include a statement that informed consent was obtained after the procedure(s) had been fully explained. In the case of children and those under wardship or with confirmed insanity, authors are asked to include information about whether the legal custodian’s assent was obtained. And a letter of affirmation signed by all authors, confirming the collection of informed consents has to be sent to Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Dergisi – Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing.

Identifying information such as names, initials, hospital numbers, dates, photographs, and family pedigree must be avoided, unless disclosure is allowed by written consent of patient or the legal custodian of the patient. Informed consent for this purpose requires that an identifiable patient be shown in the manuscript to be published. Patient consent must be written and archived either with the journal, the authors, or both, as dictated by local regulations or laws. It must be mentioned in the text that informed consent was obtained from the participants. Especially for case report, identifying information must be avoided as much as possible. Eye masking on photos is not sufficient to conceal the identity of the patient. Authors have to stipulate lack of impact on scientific significance in case of changing the identifying information. Written informed consent must be taken from the patients presented in case studies; and it must be indicated in the manuscript.

Authors have to confirm in the section “Methods” that study has been conducted in compliance to above mentioned principles, approvals have been obtained from related institutional ethical committees and informed consents were collected. When reporting experiments on animals, authors must indicate whether the institutional and national guides for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed as in “Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals” ( and approval from ethical committee must be taken.

The editor and the publisher do not guarantee or accept responsibility for the published features or definitions of commercial products. If there is direct or indirect grant support, it must be acknowledged in the section titled “declaration of interest” and must include the full name of the sponsor and grant number. Existence or lack of sponsorship of any kind as well as the type of sponsorship (consulting etc) has to be acknowledged, as well.

Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Dergisi – Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing adopts WAME’s definition coi which states that conflict of interest exists when author, peer reviewer or editor has a competing interest that could unduly influence (or be reasonably seen to do so) his or her responsibilities in the publication process. The types of competing interests that must be declared include financial ties, academic commitments, personal relationships, political or religious beliefs, institutional affiliations. The conflict of interest is to be acknowledged in the manuscript.


The language of the journal is both Turkish and American English.


All correspondence will be sent to the first-named author unless otherwise specified. Manuscpript is to be submitted online via and it must be accompanied by a cover letter indicating that the manuscript is intended for publication, specifying the article category (i.e. research article, review etc.) and including information about the manuscript (see the Submission Checklist). In addition, title page and Copyright Agreement Form that has to be signed by all authors must be submitted.

All parts of the manuscript, including case reports, quotations, references, and tables, must be double-spaced throughout. All four margins must be at least 2.5 cm. The manuscript must be arranged in the following order, with each item beginning a new page: 1) title page, 2) abstract, keywords 3) text, 4) acknowledgement 5) references, and 6) tables and/or figures (see the Submission Checklist). All pages must be numbered consecutively.

Title Page

On the title page, include full names of authors, academic or professional affiliations, and complete address with phone, fax number(s) and e-mail address (es) of the corresponding author. Acknowledgments for personal and technical assistance must be indicated on the title page.

Article Types

Research Article

Original research articles report substantial and original scientific results within the journal scope. Original research articles comprised of Abstract, Key Words, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, References and Table/Figures. The abstract must be structured as the following.


Title of the manuscript in English must be written in English abstract. The abstract must be no longer than 250 words and structured as follows: aim, method, results, and conclusions.

Aim -the primary purpose of the article;

Method -data sources, design of the study, patients or participants, interventions, and main outcome measures;

Results -key findings;

Conclusions -including direct clinical applications.

Abstract must give information about the ground and the aim of the study, basic procedures (case selection, analytical or observational methods), main findings (specific weight and significance, if applicable) and basic conclusions. The novel and remarkable features of the study must be emphasized. Authors must ensure that the abstract would represent the whole study as it is the most prominent part of the work in the majority of electronic data bases.

Key Words

Up to 3-5 key words which are to be in accordance with Index Medicus, Medical Subjects Subheadings (MeSH).

Extended Abstract (Only for articles in Turkish)

Extended abstract in English is required only for articles in Turkish. It must be no shorter than 600 and no longer than 800 words and placed after the abstract and keywords, and before the introduction section of the article. Extended abstract must be structured as aim, method, results and conclusions.


This section must contain a clear statement of the general and specific objectives as well as the hypotheses which the work is designed to test. It should also give a brief account of the reported literature. The last sentence should clearly state the primary and secondary purposes of the article. Only, the actual references related with the issues have to be indicated and data or findings related with the current study must not be included in this section.


This section must contain explicit, concise descriptions of all procedures, materials and methods (i.e. data sources, participants, scales, interviews/reviews, basic measurements, applications, statistical methods) used in the investigation to enable the reader to judge their accuracy, reproducibility, etc. This section should include the known findings at the beginning of the study and the findings during the study must be reported in results section. Type, population and sample of the study must be explained. How the sample is selected; which sampling method is used and, how the sample size is calculated are to be clearly stated.

The election, source of population, inclusion and exclusion criteria of the participants (patients, animals, control group) in experimental, clinical or observational study must be clearly defined in this section. The particular study sample must be explained by the authors (i.e., why the study is performed in a definite age, race or sex population, etc.). When variables such as ethnicity and race are used, the authors must explain how they measure these variables and explain their validity.

Technical information on data collection

The methods, apparatus (the manufacturer’s name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail must be defined and their reliability-validity information must be given. References to established methods, including statistical methods (see below) must be given and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well-known must be provided; new or substantially modified methods must be described, the reasons for using them must be given, and their limitations of the methods must be evaluated. The all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration must be identified. Authors should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data. These methods should also be summarized in the abstract.

Ethical Issues

As stated in the Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement section, principles, recommendations and guidelines developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME)should be taken into consideration; the guidelines of Council of Science Editors (CSE) and International Committee of Medical Journals (ICJME) should be followed as well. Information of Ethics Committee Approval (with date of acceptance and issue number), Institution Approval and Informed Consent should be included in the manuscript with regard to the type of the study, and all these documents should be submitted together with the manuscript as attachments.


The statistical methods must be described with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results. If possible, findings should be quantified and presented with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals). Relying solely on statistical hypothesis testing, such as P values, which fail to convey important information about effect size must be avoided. References for the design of the study and statistical methods must be given to standard works and include the page number if possible. Statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols must be defined and the computer software used must be specified.


The results should be presented in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations, giving the main or most important findings first. The all the data in the tables or illustrations should not be repeated in the text; only the most important observations must be emphasized or summarized. Extra or supplementary materials and technical detail can be placed in an appendix where they will be accessible but will not interrupt the flow of the text, or they can be published solely in the electronic version of the journal.


The findings of the study, the findings and results which support or do not support the hypothesis of the study should be discussed, results should be compared and contrasted with findings of other studies in the literature and the different findings from other studies should be explained. The new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them should be emphasized. The data or other information given in the Introduction or the Results section should not be repeated in detail.

For experimental studies, it is useful to begin the discussion by summarizing briefly the main findings, then explore possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings, compare and contrast the results with other relevant studies, state the limitations of the study, and explore the implications of the findings for future research and for clinical practice. The conclusions should be linked with the goals of the study but unqualified statements and conclusions not adequately supported by the data should be avoided. New hypotheses should be stated when required, but they must be labeled clearly as such.


Conclusions derived from the study should be stated. For experimental studies, it is useful to begin the discussion by summarizing briefly the main findings, then explore possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings, compare and contrast the results with other relevant studies, state the limitations of the study, and explore the implications of the findings for future research and for clinical practice. The conclusions should be linked with the goals of the study but unqualified statements and conclusions not adequately supported by the data should be avoided. New hypotheses should be stated when warranted, but should be labeled clearly as such.

Tables, Graphics and Illustrations

Tables, graphics and illustrations should be numbered in Arabic numerals in the text. The places of the illustrations should be signed in the text.

Meta Analysis

Meta-analysis is the statistical procedure for combining the results of multiple independent scientific researches done on a specific subject in order to identify the treatment effect precisely and provide evidence at the highest level to aid clinical decision making. Meta analysis can be done for experimental and quantative researches. Meta analysis manuscripts comprise of Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, References and Tables.

Systematic Review

Systematic review is a kind of secondary research study that provides evidence at the highest level for the clinicians and related scientific disciplines. To define a review manuscript as systematic, it requires to follow the process of identifying and selecting the studies that will be included in the review and synthesizing all the data.

Case Report

Case reports consider new, interesting and intriguing case studies in detail. They should be unique and present methods to overcome any health challenge by use of novel tools and techniques and provide a learning source for the readers. Case reports comprise of: Abstract (unstructured summary), Key-words, Introduction, Case Report, Discussion, Reference, Tables and Figures. Written informed consent of the patient should be obtained and indicated in the manuscript.


Review articles are written by individuals who have done substantial work on the subject or are considered experts in the field. The Journal invites authors to write articles describing, evaluating and discussing the current level of knowledge regarding a specific subject in the clinical practice.

The manuscript should have an unstructured Abstract representing an accurate summary of the article, Key Words, Introduction, Conclusion. Authors submitting review article should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data. These methods should also be summarized in the abstract.

Letter to the Editor

Letter to the Editor is short and decisive manuscript. They should be preferably related to articles previously published in the Journal or views expressed in the Journal. The letter should not include preliminary observations that need a later study for validation.


Tables capture information concisely and display it efficiently; they also provide information at any desired level of detail and precision. Including data in tables rather than text frequently makes it possible to reduce the length of the text. Each table should be typed or printed with double spacing on a separate sheet of paper. The tables should be numbered consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and a brief title for each table should be supplied. Any internal horizontal or vertical lines should not be used and a short or an abbreviated heading should be given to each column. Authors should place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. All nonstandard abbreviations should be explained in footnotes, and the following symbols should be used in sequence: *,†,‡,§,||,¶,**,††,‡‡ The statistical measures of variations, such as standard deviation and standard error of the mean should be identified. Be sure that each table is cited in the text. If you use data from another published or unpublished source, obtain permission and acknowledge that source fully. Additional tables containing backup data too extensive to publish in print may be appropriate for publication in the electronic version of the journal, deposited with an archival service, or made available to readers directly by the authors. An appropriate statement should be added to the text. Such tables should be submitted for consideration with the paper so that they will be available to the peer reviewers.

Illustrations (Figures)

Figures should be either professionally drawn and photographed, or submitted as digital prints in photographic-quality. In addition to requiring a version of the figures suitable for printing, authors are asked for electronic files of figures in a format (for example, JPEG or GIF) that will produce high-quality images in the Web version of the journal; authors should review the images of such files on a computer screen before submitting them to be sure they meet their own quality standards. For x-ray films, scans, and other diagnostic images, as well as pictures of pathology specimens or photomicrographs, sharp, glossy, black-and- white or color photographic prints should be sent, usually 127 x 173 mm. Letters, numbers, and symbols on figures should therefore be clear and consistent throughout, and large enough to remain legible when the figure is reduced for publication. Figures should be made as self-explanatory as possible, since many will be used directly in slide presentations. Titles and detailed explanations belong in the legends--not on the illustrations themselves. Photomicrographs should have internal scale markers. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background. Photographs of potentially identifiable people must be accompanied by written permission to use the photograph. Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been cited in the text. If a figure has been published previously, the original source should be acknowledged and written permission from the copyright holder should be submitted to reproduce the figure. Permission is required irrespective of authorship or publisher except for documents in the public domain. Accompanying drawings marked to indicate the region to be reproduced might be useful to the editor. We publish illustrations in color only if the author pays the additional cost.

Legends for Illustrations (Figures)

The legends for illustrations should be typed or printed out using one spacing, starting on a separate page, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the illustrations. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, each one clearly should be identified and explained in the legend. The internal scale should be explained and the method of staining in photomicrographs should be identified.

Units of Measurement

Measurements of length, height, weight, and volume should be reported in metric units (meter, kilogram, or liter) or their decimal multiples. Temperatures should be in degrees Celsius, blood pressures should be in millimeters of mercury. Authors must consult the Information for Authors of the particular journal and should report laboratory information in both local and International System of Units (SI). Drug concentrations may be reported in either SI or mass units, but the alternative should be provided in parentheses where appropriate.

Abbreviations and Symbols

Use only standard abbreviations; use of nonstandard abbreviations can be confusing to readers. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript. The spelled-out abbreviation followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis should be used on first mention unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement.


All forms of support, including individual technical support or material support must be acknowledged in the author’s footnote before references.

Word Limitation

Research papers, meta analysis and systematic reviews have no specific word limitation. Reviews must not exceed 3000 words, excluding excluding abstract, extended abstract, references, tables and figures. A case report must be strictly limited to 1000 words excluding abstract, and have minimal figures, tables, and references. Letter to the Editor must be limited to 1000 words. It must include references but no tables or figure, and it is to be signed by all of its authors. Letters critical of an article published in the journal must be received within 12 weeks.


Although references to review articles can be an efficient way to guide readers to a body of literature, review articles do not always reflect original work accurately. Readers should therefore be provided with direct references to original research sources whenever possible. On the other hand, extensive lists of references to original work on a topic can use excessive space on the printed page. Small numbers of references to key original papers often serve as well as more exhaustive lists, particularly since references can now be added to the electronic version of published papers, and since electronic literature searching allows readers to retrieve published literature efficiently. Using abstracts as references should be avoided. Papers accepted but not yet included in the issue are published online in the Early View section and they should be cited as “advance online publication”; authors should obtain written permission to cite such papers as well as verification that they have been accepted for publication. Information from manuscripts submitted but not accepted should be cited in the text as “unpublished observations” with written permission from the source. Citing a “personal communication” should be avoided unless it provides essential information not available from a public source, in which case the name of the person and date of communication should be cited in parentheses in the text. For scientific articles, written permission and confirmation of accuracy from the source of a personal communication must be obtained.

Reference Style and Format

It is essential that the manuscripts submitted to the journal must use American Psychological Association (APA) style 6th edition. Authors must indicate the citations in the text and references section, in accordance with the APA style. The guidelines for APA Style 6th edition can be found at Accuracy of citation is the author’s responsibility. All references should be cited in text. Reference list must be in alphabetical order. Type references in the style shown below.

Citations in the Text

Citations must be indicated with the author surname and publication year within the parenthesis.

If more than one citation is made within the same paranthesis, separate them with (;).


More than one citation;

(Esin et al., 2002; Karasar, 1995)

Citation with one author;

(Akyolcu, 2007)

Citation with two authors;

(Sayıner & Demirci, 2007)

Citation with three, four, five authors;

First citation in the text: (Ailen, Ciambrune, & Welch, 2000) Subsequent citations in the text: (Ailen et al., 2000)

Citations with more than six authors;

(Çavdar et al., 2003)

Citations in the Reference

All the citations done in the text should be listed in the References section in alphabetical order of author surname without numbering. Below given examples should be considered in citing the references.

Abbreviation of journal names should be in compliance with Medline/PubMed. Journals that are not indexed by Medline/PubMed should be given in full name. Abbreviations of the journals in Medline/PubMed can be found in

Basic Reference Types


a) Turkish Book

Karasar, N. (1995). Araştırmalarda rapor hazırlama (8th ed.) [Preparing research reports]. Ankara, Turkey: 3A Eğitim Danışmanlık Ltd.

b) Book Translated into Turkish

Mucchielli, A. (1991). Zihniyetler [Mindsets] (A. Kotil, Trans.). İstanbul, Turkey: İletişim Yayınları.

c) Edited Book

Ören, T., Üney, T., & Çölkesen, R. (Eds.). (2006). Türkiye bilişim ansiklopedisi [Turkish Encyclopedia of Informatics]. İstanbul, Turkey: Papatya Yayıncılık.

d) Turkish Book with Multiple Authors

Tonta, Y., Bitirim, Y., & Sever, H. (2002). Türkçe arama motorlarında performans değerlendirme [Performance evaluation in Turkish search engines]. Ankara, Turkey: Total Bilişim.

e) Book in English

Kamien R., & Kamien A. (2014). Music: An appreciation. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.

f) Chapter in an Edited Book

Bassett, C. (2006). Cultural studies and new media. In G. Hall & C. Birchall (Eds.), New cultural studies: Adventures in theory (pp. 220–237). Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press.

g) Chapter in an Edited Book in Turkish

Erkmen, T. (2012). Örgüt kültürü: Fonksiyonları, öğeleri, işletme yönetimi ve liderlikteki önemi [Organization culture: Its functions, elements and importance in leadership and business management]. In M. Zencirkıran (Ed.), Örgüt sosyolojisi [Organization sociology] (pp. 233–263). Bursa, Turkey: Dora Basım Yayın.

h) Book with the same organization as author and publisher

American Psychological Association. (2009). Publication manual of the American psychological association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.


a) Turkish Article

Mutlu, B., & Savaşer, S. (2007). Çocuğu ameliyat sonrası yoğun bakımda olan ebeveynlerde stres nedenleri ve azaltma girişimleri [Source and intervention reduction of stress for parents whose children are in intensive care unit after surgery]. Istanbul University Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing, 15(60), 179–182.

b) English Article

de Cillia, R., Reisigl, M., & Wodak, R. (1999). The discursive construction of national identity. Discourse and Society, 10(2), 149–173.

c) Journal Article with DOI and More Than Seven Authors

Lal, H., Cunningham, A. L., Godeaux, O., Chlibek, R., Diez-Domingo, J., Hwang, S.-J. ... Heineman, T. C. (2015). Efficacy of an adjuvanted herpes zoster subunit vaccine in older adults. New England Journal of Medicine, 372, 2087–2096.

d) Journal Article from Web, without DOI

Sidani, S. (2003). Enhancing the evaluation of nursing care effectiveness. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 35(3), 26-38. Retrieved from

e) Journal Article wih DOI

Turner, S. J. (2010). Website statistics 2.0: Using Google Analytics to measure library website effectiveness. Technical Services Quarterly, 27, 261–278.

f) Advance Online Publication

Smith, J. A. (2010). Citing advance online publication: A review. Journal of Psychology. Advance online publication. 10.1037/a45d7867

g) Article in a Magazine

Henry, W. A., III. (1990, April 9). Making the grade in today’s schools. Time, 135, 28–31.

Doctoral Dissertation, Master’s Thesis, Presentation,


a) Dissertation/Thesis from a Commercial Database

Van Brunt, D. (1997). Networked consumer health information systems (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 9943436)

b) Dissertation/Thesis from an Institutional Database

Yaylalı-Yıldız, B. (2014). University campuses as places of potential publicness: Exploring the politicals, social and cultural practices in Ege University (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from Retrieved from:

c) Dissertation/Thesis from Web

Tonta, Y. A. (1992). An analysis of search failures in online library catalogs (Doctoral dissertation, University of California, Berkeley). Retrieved from /phd/ickapak.html

d) Dissertation/Thesis abstracted in Dissertations Abstracts International

Appelbaum, L. G. (2005). Three studies of human information processing: Texture amplifica­tion, motion representation, and figure-ground segregation. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B. Sciences and Engineering, 65(10), 5428.

e) Symposium Contribution

Krinsky-McHale, S. J., Zigman, W. B., & Silverman, W. (2012, August). Are neuropsychiatric symptoms markers of prodromal Alzheimer’s disease in adults with Down syndrome? In W. B. Zigman (Chair), Predictors of mild cognitive impairment, dementia, and mortality in adults with Down syndrome. Symposium conducted at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Orlando, FL.

f) Conference Paper Abstract Retrieved Online

Liu, S. (2005, May). Defending against business crises with the help of intelligent agent based early warning solutions. Paper presented at the Seventh International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems, Miami, FL. Abstract retrieved from

g) Conference Paper - In Regularly Published Proceedings and Retrieved Online

Herculano-Houzel, S., Collins, C. E., Wong, P., Kaas, J. H., & Lent, R. (2008). The basic nonuniformity of the cerebral cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105, 12593–12598.

h) Proceeding in Book Form

Parsons, O. A., Pryzwansky, W. B., Weinstein, D. J., & Wiens, A. N. (1995). Taxonomy for psychology. In J. N. Reich, H. Sands, & A. N. Wiens (Eds.), Education and training beyond the doctoral degree: Proceedings of the American Psychological Association National Conference on Postdoctoral Education and Training in Psychology (pp. 45–50). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

i) Paper Presentation

Nguyen, C. A. (2012, August). Humor and deception in advertising: When laughter may not be the best medicine. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Orlando, FL.

Other Sources

a) Newspaper Article

Browne, R. (2010, March 21). This brainless patient is no dummy. Sydney Morning Herald, 45.

b) Newspaper Article with no Author

New drug appears to sharply cut risk of death from heart failure.(1993, July 15). The Washington Post, p. A12.

c) Web Page/Blog Post

Bordwell, D. (2013, June 18). David Koepp: Making the world movie-sized [Web log post]. Retrieved from

d) Online Encyclopedia/Dictionary

Ignition. (1989). In Oxford English online dictionary (2nd ed.). Retrieved from

Marcoux, A. (2008). Business ethics. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.). The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved from

e) Podcast

Dunning, B. (Producer). (2011, January 12). inFact: Conspiracy theories [Video podcast]. Retrieved from

f) Single Episode in a Television Series

Egan, D. (Writer), & Alexander, J. (Director). (2005). Failure to communicate. [Television series episode]. In D. Shore (Executive producer), House; New York, NY: Fox Broadcasting.

g) Music

Fuchs, G. (2004). Light the menorah. On Eight nights of Hanukkah [CD]. Brick, NJ: Kid Kosher.


All new manuscripts must be submitted online through Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Dergisi – Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing website ( Complete instructions are available at the website.

Ensure that the following items are present:

●    Cover letter to the editor

    The category of the manuscript

    Confirming that “the paper is not under consideration for publication in another journal”.

    Including disclosure of any commercial or financial involvement.

    Confirming that the statistical design of the research article is reviewed.

    Confirming that last control for fluent English was done.

    Confirming that journal policies detailed in Information for Authors have been reviewed.

    Confirming that the references cited in the text and listed in the references section are in line with APA 6.

●    Copyright Agreement Form

●    Permission of previous published material if used in the present manuscript

●    Acknowledgement of the study “in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration.

●    Statement that informed consent was obtained after the procedure(s) had been fully explained. Indicating whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed as in “Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals”.

●    Title page

    The category of the manuscript

    The title of the manuscript

    All authors’ names and affiliations (institution, faculty/department, city, country), e-mail addresses

    Corresponding author’s email address, full postal address, telephone and fax number

    ORCIDs of all authors.

●    Main Manuscript Document

    The title of the manuscript

    Abstracts (200 words)

    Key words: 3 to 10 words

    Extended Abstract (600-800 words) in English (only for articles in Turkish)

    Main article sections

    Acknowledgement (if exists)


    All tables, illustrations (figures) (including title, description, footnotes)

Manuscript Submission Guide      

Before beginning the online submission process please read the Information for Authors and make sure you have the followings available:

Cover letter to the editor

    • The category of the manuscript
    • Confirming that “the paper is not under consideration for publication in another journal”.
    • Including disclosure of any commercial or financial involvement.
    • Confirming that the statistical design of the research article is reviewed.
    • Confirming that last control for fluent English was done.
    • Confirming that journal policies detailed in Information for Authors have been reviewed.
    • Confirming that the references cited in the text and listed in the references section are in line with APA 6.

Copyright Agreement Form

Permission of previous published material if used in the present manuscript

Title page

    • The category of the manuscript
    • The title of the manuscript both in Turkish and in English
    • All authors’ names and affiliations (institution, faculty/department, city, country), e-mail addresses
    • Corresponding author’s email address, full postal address, telephone and fax number
    • ORCIDs of all authors.

Main Manuscript Document

    • The title of the manuscript both in Turkish and in English
    • Abstracts (200 words) both in Turkish and in English
    • Key words: 3 to 10 words both in Turkish and in English
    • Extended Abstract (600-800 words) in English (only for Turkish articles)
    • Main article sections
    • Acknowledgement (if exits)
    • References
    • All tables, illustrations (figures) (including title, description, footnotes)

Manuscript Submission

  • ScholarOne manuscript submission site of the journal is: 
  • The manuscript must be submitted through the account of the corresponding author. The account of authors other than the corresponding author or someone else who is not included as an author in the work must not be used for submission. All correspondence regarding the submission is made with the corresponding author through e-mail via the ScholarOne system.
  • To login to the ScholarOne manuscript submission system, you must have a User ID and password. If you do not have a username and password, you must follow the instructions in the Create Account at ScholarOne manuscript submission site of the journal.
  • If you experience problems with your account, please do not create a new one and contact Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing Editorial Office via
  • When you log in, click the Author button at the top of the page.
  • Clicking the Author button, you will access Author Dashboard. By clicking Unsubmitted and Manuscripts in Draft heading on the Dashboard you can access your unsubmitted manuscripts. To make a new submission, please click Start New Submission.

  • Manuscript submission is a 7-step processAt any stage you can stop the submission process; everything you have typed into the system will be saved. You can continue to your semi- completed submission by viewing it in the Unsubmitted and Manuscript in Draft section. 

  • The 2nd step in the submission process is to upload your manuscript. 

  • To upload files; Select the file you want to upload from the Selection File buttonSpecify the file type from the File Designation button beside. 

  • While uploading Main Document, make sure that the main document has no information that clarify the author’s identity. Due to double blind peer review, Main Document must not include Title Page, the name of author or any other detail that can disclose the author identity. 

  • Additionaly, Supplemental File for Review must not include any detail that can disclose author identity as well.

Files to be uploaded separately

  • Copyright Agreement Form
  • Permissions obtained for previously published material if used in the present manuscript
  • Title page
  • Main Manuscript Document
    • The title of the manuscript both in Turkish and in English
    • Abstracts (200 words) both in Turkish and in English
    • Key words: 3 to 10 words both in Turkish and in English
    • Extended Abstract (600-800 words) in English (only for Turkish articles)
    • Main article sections
    • Acknowledgement (if exists)
    • References
    • All tables, illustrations (figures) (including title, description, footnotes)

  • Clicking the Upload Selected Files, the files mentioned above will be uploaded and automatically converted to PDF files on the system.
  • After uploading,  please click on PDF button and view your files. If the uploaded files have flaws, you can delete the files and repeat upload process.
  • Cover letter can be uploaded on the 6th step in the submission process. The final step in manuscript submission process lists all the information you have submitted.  The complete information will be indicated by a green check (). If incomplete, there will be a red cross (x) check. Once you have completed the submission process to your satisfaction click on the submit button.
  • Once the manuscript submission is completed, verification screen including your Manuscript ID will appear, and you will be notified via email.
  • If verification screen does not appear, and you do not receive the email then your application is not completed. In this case your application is in the Unsubmitted and Manuscripts in Drafts section.